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BEGINNING ENGLISH FOR SOMALI SPEAKERS
 

BEGINNING ENGLISH FOR SOMALI SPEAKERS

WITH SELECTED VOCABULARY



BARASHADA BILOWGA INGIRISKA

IYO ERAY-BIXINTIISA



By M. Ansell

Translated by S. Shabaab and K. Einte

Copyright 1992



This book, Beginning English for Somali Speakers, was written for the benefit of Somali speakers who are learning English. The first half of each chapter is written in English, and the second half presents the same material in the Somali language. Chapter 1 contains a brief introduction, Chapter 2 explains the pronunciation of the English consonants and vowels, and Chapters 3 to 11 explain various aspects of basic English grammar. The final chapter contains an English-Somali and Somali-English Vocabulary of around 600 commonly used English words.

Another English-Somali and Somali-English Vocabulary can be found at mnic.net/~cdn. A book containing more detailed explanations of English grammar can be found here.

The contents of this site can be seen at a glance from the Table of Contents, which contains links to all of the material covered. Anyone who would like to download the material in order to use it more conveniently is welcome to do so. Simply save this file: somali.exe (100Kb). This is a self-expanding file. Once you have saved the file, if you then double-click on it, and click on "Start" and "OK", somali.exe will expand into 14 files which can be read on your browser, one file for each chapter of the book. You will then have the whole book on your computer, and can use it in electronic form or print it out, as you wish. In order for the links to work correctly, all of the files should be kept in a single directory.

This book has been put on the Internet in order to be used freely, and distributed as widely as possible. Webmasters are welcome to mirror it on other sites. However, use of the material for commercial purposes is not permitted, and no changes to the content may be made without the express permission of the author. Questions, comments or corrections may be sent to:
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TABLE OF CONTENTS -
CUTUBYADII BUUGGA


1. INTRODUCTION

2. PRONUNCIATION

    The English Consonants
    The English Vowels


3. THE SIMPLE PRESENT

    The English Personal Pronouns
    The Simple Present of the Verb "Be"
    The Simple Present of the Verb "Have"


4. NOUNS

    The Use of "The"
    The Use of "A" and "An"
    The Use of "It"
    The Use of " 's " and " ' "


5. ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

    Adjectives
        Comparative Form
        Superlative Form
        Irregular Adjectives
        "Many" and "Much"

    Adverbs
         Irregular Adverbs


6. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS AND THE SIMPLE FUTURE

    The Present Continuous
    The Simple Future
    The Future Continuous
    Modal Auxiliary Verbs


7. PRONOUNS

    "Me", "You", "Him", "Her", "Us" and "Them"
    The Pronoun "One"
    The Pronoun "It"
    "My", "Your", "His", "Her", "Our" and "Their"
    "Mine", "Yours", "His", "Hers", "Ours" and "Theirs"
    "Myself", Yourself", "Himself", "Herself", "Ourselves", "Yourselves" and "Themselves"
    "Each other" and "One another"
    "This", "That, "These" and "Those"
    "How", "What", "When", "Where", "Which", "Who" and "Why"
    "Who", "Which" and "That"

  Conjunctions


8. PAST TENSES

    The Simple Past
        "Was" and "Were"
        The Ending "ed"
        Irregular Verbs

    The Past Continuous
    "Used to"


9. NEGATIVE STATEMENTS AND QUESTIONS

    Negative Statements
        The Simple Present
        The Simple Past
        The Verb "Be"
        Short Forms

    Questions
        The Simple Present
        The Simple Past
        The Verb "Be"

    Negative Questions


10. FORMS OF THE VERB USED AFTER THE AUXILIARY VERBS "HAVE" AND "HAD"

    The Present Perfect
        Irregular Verbs

    The Past Perfect
    The Past Conditional
    The Passive Voice


11. FORMS OF THE VERB USED AFTER THE WORDS "IF" AND "WISH"

    "If"
    "Unless"
    "Wish"
    "Could"


12. VOCABULARY

    English to Somali

    The Days of the Week
    The Four Seasons
    The Months
    "What time is it?"
    "1, 2, 3, 4 ... "

    Somali to English



CUTUBYADII BUUGGA -
TABLE OF CONTENTS


1. HORDHAC

2. HABKA AMA SIDA ERAYADA LOOGU DHAWAAQO

    Shibannayaasha Xarfaha Ingiriska
    Shakhal-Dheerayaasha Xarfaha Ingiriska


3. QAAB XAALAD SAHLAN

    Magac-u-yaalo Ingirisi
    Qaab Xaalad Sahlan ee Falka "Be"
    Qaab Xaalad Sahlan ee Falka "Have"


4. MAGAC

    "The"
    "A" iyo "An"
    "It"
    " 's " iyo " ' "


5. MAGAC TILMAAMAHA IYO FAL TILMAAMAHA

    Magac Tilmaamaha
        Qaabka Labaad ee Magac Tilmaamaha
        Qaabka Sedaxaad ee Magac Tilmaamaha
        "Bad", "Good", "Far" iyo "Little"
        "Many" iyo "Much"

    Fal Tilmaamaha
        "Badly" iyo "Well"


6. QAAB XAALAD SOCOTA IYO QAAB XAALAD LA SAADALINAYO

    Qaab Xaalad Socota
    Qaab Xaalad la Saadalinayo
    Qaab Xaalad Socota ee la Saadalin-Doono
    Fal Gar- Gaarayasha Sida "Can" iyo "Should"


7. MAGAC-U-YAALE

    "Me", "You", "Him", "Her", "Us" iyo "Them"
    "One"
    "It"
    "My", "Your", "His", "Her", "Our" iyo "Their"
    "Mine", "Yours", "His", "Hers", "Ours" iyo "Theirs"
    "Myself", Yourself", "Himself", "Herself", "Ourselves", "Yourselves" iyo "Themselves"
    "Each other" iyo "One another"
    "This", "That, "These" iyo "Those"
    "How", "What", "When", "Where", "Which", "Who" iyo "Why"
    "Who", "Which" iyo "That"

  Xidhiidhiyasha


8. QAABAB LA SOODHAFAY

    Qaab Xaalad la Soodhafay
        "Was" iyo "Were"
        "ed"
        Fal iyo Qaab Xaalad la Soodhafay

    Qaab Xaalad la Soodhafay ee Socota
    "Used to"


9. WEEDHO DIIDMA AH IYO SU 'AALO

    Weedho Diidma ah
        Qaab Xaalad Sahlan
        Qaab Xaalad la Soodhafay
        Falka "Be"
        Qaababka Gagaaban

    Su 'aalo
        Qaab Xaalad Sahlan
        Qaab Xaalad la Soodhafay
        Falka "Be"

    Su 'aalaha Diidmada ah


10. QAABAB LA ISTICMAALAYO FAL GAR-GAARE "HAVE" IYO "HAD" KA DIB

    "The Present Perfect"
        Fal iyo Qaab Qaas ah

    "The Past Perfect"
    Qaab Xaalad la Soodhafay ee Shurudeysan
    Qaabab-Cod-Quman


11. QAABAB LA ISTICMAALAYO ERAYADA "IF" IYO "WISH" KA DIB

    "If"
    "Unless"
    "Wish"
    "Could"


12. ERAY-BIXIN

    English to Somali

    Maalmaha Asbuuca waa Tobodo
    Xiliyadu waa Afar
    Bilooyinka Sanadka waa Labo iyo Toban Biloodi
    "Waa imisa saacadu?"
    "1, 2, 3, 4 ... "

    Somali to English

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